The government has created Australia’s largest fully protected marine reserve near two far-flung islands, in a move which environmental groups say will help safeguard rare whale species.
The Heard Island and McDonald Islands Marine Reserve has been expanded by 6,200 sq km
following a scientific assessment of its conservation values.
The reserve now spans 71,200 sq km of ocean. Heard and McDonald Islands,
an Australian external territory located 4,100km south-west of Perth, are barren, uninhabited outposts considered among the most remote places on Earth.
The Australian Antarctic Division said the islands are “one of the most biologically pristine areas
in the world”, featuring seals, penguins and seabirds, as well as a volcanic, glacial terrain.
Mawson peak, situated on Heard Island, is 2,745m tall – Australia’s highest point outside
the Antarctic territories.
The islands were added to the Unesco world heritage list in 1997. The expansion of the marine reserve
means it is the largest A-class, or fully protected, area as categorised
by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
This means that very little activity can take place within the reserve, with human visitation restricted
to scientific and environmental monitoring.
Environmental groups have welcomed the decision, claiming it will create a vast area for rare beaked
and bottlenose whales. The whales, along with seals and seabirds, will be safe from potential threats
such as oil and gas drilling, as well as commercial fishing.
“The decision to create Australia’s largest A-class sanctuary for marine life reinforces
the clear science evidence of the essential role of large ‘no take’ areas
in safeguarding a diversity of life,” said Michelle Grady of the Pew Charitable Trusts.
The Australian Marine Conservation Society (AMCS) said the decision provides
the government with further evidence of the value of marine sanctuaries.
The Coalition has scrapped management plans for a huge network of marine reserves set out by Labor,
claiming that fishers were unfairly locked out of the process.
“This landmark decision showcases the benefits that large sanctuaries deliver to all of us,
whether they are commercial or broader
Full credit for the article/text that has been used as a petition material goes to the Source,
which can be found here: