Tiger is one of the largest land predators, second only to white by weight and the brown bears. Allocated nine tiger subspecies, of which the beginning of the XXI century, only six survived. The total number is about 4000-6500 species, of which the most numerous is the Bengal tiger (nominative subspecies), constituting 40% of the total population.
In the XX century, included in the IUCN Red List, in the Red Book of Russia, as well as documents of title in other countries. As of 2012 banned hunting of tigers in the world.
Due to the constant harassment from the human habitat conditions and changes in the number of tigers is continuously falling, and habitat decline. By some estimates, the number of these animals compared to the century before last was reduced by 95%. The total number of species in the wild is now estimated at 4000-6500 individuals. The largest number of tigers remained in India, a little less than a thousand lives in Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, China and Burma. The population of southern China have less than 30 goals, and the Siberian tiger, according to the World Conservation Union - about 450. Completely disappeared three separate subspecies: the islands of Java and Bali, and Caspian tiger.
The tiger is under international protection, is listed in the IUCN Red List, Appendix 1 of CITES. Since 1947, operates a total ban on hunting tigers. In 1955 he was banned, and then strictly limited trapping cubs. The main factor limiting the number of tigers is a human economic activity and hunting: How to trophy (mainly for their fur) and for therapeutic purposes (many organs and body parts are used in traditional tiger oriental medicine). At the Kalachakra Buddhist festival in 2006 XIV Dalai Lama delivered a speech in which he called upon to stop the use, sale and purchase of these animals. As a result of the pilgrims who have come back from a festival in Tibet began to massively destroy and discard the skins of tigers and leopards and even clothing with their fragments.
Another market demand, resulting in the destruction of the Tigers, is the use of his organs and tissues in the traditional Eastern (mainly Chinese) medicine: the most renowned medical products of this type is pain relievers and aphrodisiacs. The use of tiger body parts in medicine in China is prohibited and subject to criminal penalties, however, the illegal trafficking of these materials on the black market is in large volumes. In 2007, at the 14th International Conference of the Parties of CITES adopted a resolution to ban the breeding of tigers in captivity for trade in parts of his body.
As a result of hunting and habitat destruction tiger population in the last decade was strongly reduced. One hundred years ago, the world be allocated approximately 100,000 wild tigers, and now their number has decreased to 2,500 adult individuals capable of reproduction, and the number of any of the individual populations of not more than 250 adult animals. In most of the countries in which the area is located, the protection of tigers is under the patronage of the Head of State or Government. However, without the participation of the public progress in environmental protection is not possible, even with the support of governments and international conservation organizations. In this regard, one of the essential areas is to impart the general public, through environmental projects, the current ecological understanding of the need to protect tigers and their habitats.
The tiger as a species is on the top of the food chain, so saving the tigers also means preservation of fodder for the Tigers. Therefore tiger conservation leads to the conservation of all species of living creatures living on land. An international fund to accumulate funds for tiger conservation in the natural environment for him. Activities of organizations do not violate human rights and do not cause harm to other life forms, which will allocate funds for tiger conservation MUST encourage that and provide them with the support of the state.