Butterfly update, please urgently need more signitures. Thanks.


Please sign the 2 butterfy petition BELOW
, it only needs MORE  signitures to reach its target.

Please also check to see if you have signed the spaying and neutering petition to ask for additional butterfly request.  It will only take a few moments of your time, to simply ask Care2.com. If they say yes, we all will help save lives. Please sign. Thank you.

ACTION ALERT. Help the rescuers save the homeless and abused. BUTTERFLY,POVERTY, ANIMALSWill butterflies to help the homeless, poverty, abused, animals and people? more%uFFFD signed: 344goal: 1,000
Butterfly Credit & Click request for Family Planing, Spay & Neuter SPAY,NEUTER, INTERNATIONAL PROGRAM HELPWILL CARE2 GRANT US BUTTERFLY OPTIONS TO HELP SPAY AND NEUTER INTERNATIONALY. more%uFFFD signed: 265goal: 1,000
If you are concerned about the billions of animals being born to die on our streets, please help by signing the above. If you are concerned for the homeless people and animals please sign the above petition too. Many people love their animals so much, that they have chosen to live on the streets with their animal friends rather than allow them to go to strangers to be abused and tortured.

New Rewards Gifts -- including no-kill shelter gifts!
 
Marya G.
22 hrs ago
|

I am happy to announce 4 new gifts in the Rewards store:

- bottle feed a meal to a kitten (700 points) - donations go to Austin Pets Alive!

- snack for a bottle fed puppy (3300 points) - donations go to Austin Pets Alive!

- pencil for a student in Haiti (500 points) - donations go to IRD

- seeds for a Sudanese family (9900 points) - donations go to IRD


International Relief & Development (IRD) is a great organization that does a lot of work in regions of the world that are torn apart by war, conflict, poverty and disease.  Through collaboration and direct, hands-on activities in these areas, IRD touches the lives of thousands of people every year.


Austin Pets Alive! is a very interesting no-kill animal shelter.  They are working to make Austin a no-kill city.  They also have some really cool events - including bringing available dogs to parks and allowing the public to "borrow" a buddy for a run or a walk.  We're very excited to introduce Austin Pets Alive! to the rewards program.


We are still working to add a national no-kill animal rescue organization, but are very excited about our new partnership with Austin Pets Alive!


Happy Friday!


Marya

Care2 Marketing

 send green star Marya G.22 hrs ago |

Oops -- forgot the link! 


Check out the new gifts in the Rewards Store.



 
a pencil for a student in Haiti
International Relief & Development 

 
bottle feed a kitten
Austin Pets Alive! 
 
snack for a bottle fed puppy
Austin Pets Alive! 



 seed packet for a
Sudanese family

International Relief & Development 

Please read:
A personal appeal from
Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales
Close Overpopulation in companion animalsFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia  (Redirected from Overpopulation (animals))Jump to: navigation, search Question book-new.svgThis article needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (June 2009)

The phenomenon of overpopulation in companion animals refers to the large, growing number of homeless domestic cats and dogs. In the United States alone, between 3 and 4 million cats and dogs are euthanized each year because no one volunteers to adopt them.[1] As a result, most humane societies, animal shelters and rescue groups urge animal caregivers to have their animals spayed or neutered to prevent the births of unwanted and accidental litters.

Contents[hide] [edit] Effects upon animals

Where there is pet over population, dogs and cats suffer from neglect and abandonment, deplorable living conditions, insufficient or nonexistent veterinary care, and substandard veterinary practices. Such animals are often victimized by people who treat them inhumanely, due to poverty, lack of knowledge of how to provide care, absence of animal welfare legislation and enforcement, apathy, personal beliefs, and intentional cruelty.

[edit] Purebred preference

One contributing factor in companion animal homelessness is cultural preference for young, purebred animals. Many people prefer purebred, young, healthy animals, and choose to purchase animals of said description, often at significant cost, from breeders. That breeders continue to breed animals while animals are killed in shelters each year is a point of contention for many animal rights groups.

Recognizing the high demand for purebred animals, some people choose to engage in backyard breeding or operate puppy mills, practices where people breed purebred animals for profit, often without concern for the health or welfare of any of the animals involved. These animals may be sold through pet stores or directly from the breeders themselves.

Additionally, individuals seeking purebred animals may not realize that a homeless animal adopted from a shelter can have many advantages: often the shelter will have performed all necessary veterinary procedures, such as spaying or neutering, vaccination, deworming, microchipping, etc. Also, the personality of a kitten or puppy is not always an indicator of how the animal will behave in adulthood. Many shelter animals have reached adulthood and their personalities are apparent, allowing the would-be caregiver to select an animal with a personality that suits them.

[edit] Global effects

Companion animal overpopulation is a major concern to animal welfare and animal rights groups. Companion animal overpopulation can also be an ecological concern. It is also a financial problem: capturing, impounding and eventual euthanasia costs taxpayers and private agencies millions of dollars each year.[2]


[edit] References
  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]
[edit] See also [edit] External links Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overpopulation_in_companion_animals"Categories: Animal rights | Animal shelters | Animal welfare | Cats as pets | Dogs as pets | Domesticated animals | Feral animals | Population ecologyHidden categories: Articles needing additional references from June 2009 | All articles needing additional referencesPersonal tools Namespaces Variants
    Views Actions
      Search Search Navigation Interaction Toolbox Print/export

      Do you think killing list called euthanasia or put to sleep, is confined to non humans, think again. Use your immagination. Immagine the number of humans killed in the next minute, then immagine this number and mulitply this by hundreds of thousands to multibilions of non human animals being abused and tortured and murdered due to human activity. 
      Please help, no matter how small, by asking Care2.com and Care2 community

      View ImageView Image euthanasia gif498 x 424 px - 68kImage may be subject to copyrightSee image below at: www.siumed.edu/
      ethics/
      medicine_death.htm


      A pet's death is sad, but you can get another one

      http://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/personal-view/3588275/A-pets-death-is-sad-but-you-can-get-another-one.html

      Personal View: buy and throw away socioty where life is less than cheap property or unwanted property and less than trash. The blood loss and mindset must change and international laws must be upheld to save lives.

      A pet's death is sad, but you can get another oneBy Tom Utley 12:01AM GMT 01 Mar 2003

      Comment

      There is barely a patch of soil in my south London garden that does not cover the remains of one or other of my children's pets. Here lies poor, dear Pippa the puppy, half Jack Russell, half springer spaniel, who died under the wheels of a car five years ago, flooding my house with tears.

      Nearby, taking their eternal rest, lie Roger the rabbit, torn to pieces by a fox, Sparky the guinea-pig, Scratch and Sniff the gerbils and Fergie and Scramble the hamsters. Down by the shed, in an unmarked grave, repose the mortal remains of Sticky and Twiggy, two self-effacing stick insects, as indistinguishable in death from their enveloping earth as they were in life from the sprigs of privet in their jar.

      But the grave that moves me most is that of Cuthbert the Siamese kitten, who escaped from the car when he arrived home from the vet a few years ago, and was promptly run over and killed by the van behind. Ten minutes earlier, I had written out a cheque for ú18 to have him neutered. My grief for Cuthbert passed within a couple of hours, but the waste of that ú18 still rankles to this day.

      3:57
      If You Love Your Cat...

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B8dGcLGkHqU

      A cat in Turkey tries to help his mate after an car accident. very sad and moving. shows that animala too can care and have love for one another.

      quote from internet This stray cat was filmed in Turkey( K%u0131z%u0131lsaray district of Antalya ) trying to reanimate his female friend who got hit by a car. Even though some people tried to help him, the white cat wouldnt let them come near for two straight hours. Finally a vet arrived and took the injured cat. Sadly, it was too late and he couldnt resuscitate the feline."
      Animals show so much compassion, and they feel as humans feel.

      Please help to reduce the suffering, by asking Care.com to providing butterfly credits and daily clicking and any other way to support the homeless, spaying and neutering.  Please sign and promote the above petition and any other ways to reduce the lives lost and suffering. Thank you.


      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PLNfxt9N82c

      It takes a slit second to decide the fate of lives world wide, and only a few moments to sign.


      What will it cost you to sign this petition, but what will it cost those present and future of thousands and billions of lives ....  if you do not sign?

      Thank you for signing to help save those who have already been born, for helping to preven lives to be born to hideously suffer and be slaughtered. All it takes is a few moments of your time to sign the butterfly petitions enclosed. Thank you for saving lives.

      We the undersigned WISH TO THANK YOU Randy and Care2.com and Care2 community to make this fantastic  new option for saving lives from the Euthansia (killing) list, possible and for the freedom in expressing our views and wishes and our compassion for the things we all deeply care about.

      Dear Mr. Payner & the Care2 Management team.


      Re - additional Butterfly credits


      As you may have noticed by now, a number of new petitions regarding the above have appeared on the Care2 web site.  All these petitions relate to Care2 members wanting a choice to be able to redeem their butterfly credits to further help animals & the environment.


      We (the members) are most grateful and thankful for the existing redeemable gifts available. They are an important part of why Care2 is so popular, there are are not many sites offering help in this way without asking members for cash donations. The Care2 site is a very unique and successful way of helping those less fortunate than ourselves. However, Care2 members would like the opportunity to help other causes, such as charities and organizations that can actually help save a life.


      For example, a new Care2 gift scheme to help animal shelters by way of paying for adoption fees; many dogs & cats are euthanized due to lack of funds, which is terribly sad. This is obviously very distressing for Care2 members, who more often than not, will set about trying to raise funds to save those who have only days or hours left to become adopted.


      Here are some of the ideas at the bottom of the page, which Care2 members would like to redeem their credits for, you have probably noted them from new petitions; which are up and running:-


      Care2 members could help with all the above by donating their credits, which hopefully Care2 could exchange, in whatever way possible, to help Charities and Welfare Organization cover some of the costs involved with the above, i.e.  


      Poverty, homeless people, abused animals & people...


      The running cost & maintenance of rescue vehicles & boats etc. 


      Bandages, theatre equipment, drugs etc


      Animal crates, food, catch poles, leads, collars, halters, nets


      Clothes, blankets, furniture, a bed for the night,


      Groceries, toiletries, toys, helping the aged...


      Although I do not know who or how the sponsors help but it is already possible to exchange credits to buy a shelter dog a toy; wouldn it be wonderful if those sponsors where able to help buy medicines or other life saving equipment to actually save a shelter dogs life!


      Care2 has already shown that earning credits is a simple yet very effective way in which all members can directly help. If it were possible, the new options would certainly make us (the members) feel more empowered. Members will be more inclined to raise credits if they know by doing so; they will be helping those most desperately in need, perhaps organizations which members already support but want to give more.


      Of course, we (the members) understand that setting up any new credit option must require a lot of time, research and effort from Care2.  It must also be quite daunting trying to find willing sponsors who can also help. But all we (the members) ask is that you consider some of the ideas put forward for new credits and if at all feasible, make some or all of them available in the near future.


      We can not undo the insurmountable damage that the human population has caused to our wonderful planet and its animals. But, we can try along with Care2, to help put right some of the wrongs caused by mankind. If we could actually save the life of just one animal through credits alone, imagine what sort of publicity the Care2 site would get through the media.


      I am sure you must have noticed that many of the new petitions up and running have already gained momentum in signatures, faster than I imagined. Some have even surpassed the target goal for signatures but members just keep on signing; which clearly goes to show that Care2 members are really serious in the hopes of getting some or all of these new credit schemes, up and running in the near future.


      I apologies for sending you the petitions in this format, as it is the only way I know how and never done petition work personally before.


      However, by sending them this way, you will be able to see comments and news left by Care2 members along with other ideas on these petition sites. And of course you will be able to peruse all of the above at your own leisure. If you think any ideas could in any way shape or form become viable as credits; show them to the appropriate bodies of the Care2 Management team.


      May I take this opportunity to thank you and all the staff at Care2, for all the hard work that has been put into making Care2 and it's a community the wonderful, caring site that it is. I look forward to receiving any comments or thoughts you may have regarding these ideas.


      Yours sincerely


      Eco Warriors S.O.S Rainforests & Eco Worriers...

      On behalf of the undersigned.

      Active Petitions statistics below.

      C2 ACTION ALERT: Click~it~y Click~click...Tap~tap, click to save a life, please sign.
      Add New Clicks.1) Add new clicks, for those butterfly credits we may not be able to have now, if possible? more%uFFFD
      signed: 186
      goal: 1,000

      WILL BUTTERFLIES SAVE OUTSTANDING RESUCERS SAVE LIVES?
      HELP OUTSTANDING RESUCERS TO RESCUE ANIM

      2) HELP OUTSTANDING RESUCERS TO RESCUE ANIMALS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD. more%uFFFDsigned: 340goal: 1,000


      What's UP?
      whats up, update on butterfly request.

      3) keep signing, noting, sharing, commenting. Care2 is watching all your requests. GOOD NEWS. more%uFFFDsigned: 116goal: 1,000


      Sign for our endangered species, before butterflies requests become extinct too.
      Sign for our endangered species, before

      4) URGENT REQUEST FOR BUTTERFLY OPTIONS IN ADDITION TO EXISTING ONES FOR ENDANGERED SPECIES. more%uFFFD
      signed: 199goal: 1,000


      ACTION ALERT. CAN OUR BUTTERFLIES BE CONTRIBUTED TOWARDS TRYING TO SAVE THE MARINE LIFE?
      CAN OUR BUTTERFLIES BE CONTRIBUTED TOWAR

      5) Petition 3, butterflies credits options to help save some marine life if possible more%uFFFDsigned: 267goal: 1,000


      Requesting Addition Butterfly Options To RESCUE ANIMALS FROM Slaughter.
      ANIMAL RESCUES FROM SLAUGHTER HOUSES

      6)We the undersigned, are requesting addition set of Butterfly Credit options, to help pay for animals... more signed: 599goal: 1,000

      What's UP...U?resquest for C2 to allow his butterflies

      7) 14,559,381 members doing good!?? more%uFFFD
      signed: 143goal: 1,000

      Request new options of butterfly credits to rescue animals from euthanasiaRequest New Butterfly Options

      8) Butterfly options to help NO KILL animal rescue organisations to rescue animals from euthanasia list more%uFFFDsigned: 1,263goal: 1,000

      ACTION ALERT. Help the rescuers save the homeless and abused.
      BUTTERFLY,POVERTY, ANIMALS9) Will butterflies to help the homeless, poverty, abused, animals and people? more%uFFFDsigned: 169goal: 1,000

      Butterflies SAVE HUMAN AND ANIMAL PRISONERS, FROM THE SLAUGHTER LIST list..!!!??
       Butterflies help prisoners to rescue ani10) paying for animal rescues and adoption fees for animals about to be killed by exchanging your Butterfly Credits. more%uFFFDsigned: 299goal: 1,000


      WILL CARE2 GRANT US BUTTERFLY OPTIONS TO HELP SPAY AND NEUTER INTERNATIONALY.
      SPAY,NEUTER, INTERNATIONAL PROGRAM HELP

      11) WILL CARE2 GRANT US BUTTERFLY OPTIONS TO HELP SPAY AND NEUTER INTERNATIONALY. more%uFFFD
      signed: 98
      goal: 1,000





      ALL LINKS ARE HERE TO JUST PETITION AND NO NEWS.
      C2 ACTION ALERT: Click~it~y Click~click...Tap~tap, click to save a life, please sign.
      http://www.thepetitionsite.com/1/c2-action-alert-clickity-clickclicktaptap-click-to-save-a-life-please-sign/

      WILL BUTTERFLIES SAVE OUTSTANDING RESUCERS SAVE LIVES?
      http://www.thepetitionsite.com/1/will-butterflies-save-outstanding-resucers-save-lives/

      What's UP?
      http://www.thepetitionsite.com/2/what39s-up/

      Sign for our endangered species, before butterflies requests become extinct too.
      http://www.thepetitionsite.com/1/sign-for-our-endangered-species-before-butterflies-requests-become-extinct-too/

      ACTION ALERT. CAN OUR BUTTERFLIES BE CONTRIBUTED TOWARDS TRYING TO SAVE THE MARINE LIFE?
      http://www.thepetitionsite.com/1/can-our-butterflies-be-contributed-towards-trying-to-save-the-marine-life/

      Requesting Addition Butterfly Options To RESCUE ANIMALS FROM Slaughter.
      http://www.thepetitionsite.com/2/requesting-addition-butterfly-options-to-rescue-animals-slaughter/

      What's UP...U?
      http://www.thepetitionsite.com/1/what39s-up/

      Request new options of butterfly credits to rescue animals from euthanasia
      http://www.thepetitionsite.com/1/request-new-options-of-butterfly-credits-to-rescue-animals-from-euthanasia/

      ACTION ALERT. Help the rescuers save the homeless and abused.
      http://www.thepetitionsite.com/4/action-alert-sign-note-comment-care2-is-listening-butterfly-requests-to-help-animals-people-in/

      Butterflies SAVE HUMAN AND ANIMAL PRISONERS, FROM THE SLAUGHTER LIST list..!!!??
      http://www.thepetitionsite.com/9/butterfly-credits-to-pay-to-rescue-shelter-animals-from-death-list/

      WILL CARE2 GRANT US BUTTERFLY OPTIONS TO HELP SPAY AND NEUTER INTERNATIONALY.
      http://www.thepetitionsite.com/1/will-care2-grant-us-butterfly-options-to-help-spay-and-neuter-internationaly/

      Active Petitions

      ALL Petitions ARE Active AND LIVE!




      News links.
       
      Request New Options of Butterfly Credits to Rescue Animals From Euthanasia. PLEASE ASK EVERYONE TO SIGN WHERE EVER THEY ARE.
      Business  (tags: animals, humans, AnimalWelfare, buttefly credits, care2, government, conservation, law, business )

      Eco Warri
      - 13 days ago - thepetitionsite.com
      ...if we save one life, we have helped give the world back to that life. Request for butterfly exchange options to help pay for ANY animal's rescue costs REGARDLESS of the species from being killed where ever they need to be rescued.

      http://www.care2.com/news/member/779995973/2606723


      Requesting Addition Butterfly Options To Rescue Animals Slaughter.
      Science & Tech  (tags: animals, wildlife, wildanimals, slaughter, AnimalWelfare, animaladvocates, business, humans, law, corruption, politics, money, news, world, humans, death, corruption, violence, politics, abuse, activists, transportation )

      Eco Warri
      - 7 days ago - thepetitionsite.com
      Requesting addition set of Butterfly Credit options, to help pay for animals rescues from SLAUGHTER HOUSES regardless of species or location FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD WHERE EVER POSSIBLE...

      ACTION ALERT. CAN OUR BUTTERFLIES BE CONTRIBUTED TOWARDS TRYING TO SAVE THE MARINE LIFE?
      US Politics & Gov't  (tags: wildanimals, wildlife, environment, endangered, climate-change, destruction, ecosystems, endangered, habitatdestruction, humans, pollution, oceans, world, corruption, world, terrorism, politics, government, lies )

      Eco Warri
      - 5 days ago - thepetitionsite.com
      Capt. Charles Moore of the Algalita Marine Research Foundation first discovered the Great Pacific Garbage Patch -- an endless floating waste of plastic trash. Now he's drawing attention to the growing, choking problem of plastic debris in our seas. 

      ACTION URGENT ALERT: PLEASE SIGN. C2 Butterfly Credits? ENDANGERED SPECIES... GOING... GOing... Gone... Deliberate and Unint
      Animals  (tags: destruction, climatechange, endangered, government, world, government, humans, abuse, business, consumers, environment, world, environment, activists, law, politics, world, AnimalCruelty, AnimalWelfare, animaladvocates, wildanimals, wildlife )

      Eco Warri
      - 4 days ago - thepetitionsite.com
      Sign for our endangered species, before butterflies requests become extinct too. Humans making humans extinct...humans making animals & plants extinct...
      Will Butterflies Help the Homeless, Poverty, Abused, Animals and People?
      Offbeat  (tags: environment, americans, healthcare, news, world, humans, health, home, children, business, protection, death, law, AnimalCruelty, animaladvocates, AnimalWelfare, death, animals, abuse, extinction, sadness, rescued, suffering, killing, abused, animalcruelt )

      Eco Warri
      - 2 days ago - thepetitionsite.com
      Target: www.care2.com Sponsored by: Care2 members with their contribution to this petition and butterfly exchange. 5th Petition. F5 for faith & Loves animals, people, et. Will butterflies help the homeless, poverty, abused, animals and people? 

      C2 ACTION ALERT: Click~It~Y Click~Click...Tap~Tap, Click to Save a Life, Please Sign.
      Animals  (tags: animals, world, humans, wildanimals, wildlife, pets, dogs, cats, animaladvocates, AnimalCruelty, rescued )

      Eco Warri
      - 17 hours ago - thepetitionsite.com
      C2 ACTION ALERT: Click~it~y Click~click...Tap~tap, click to save lives and so much more, see petitons below, please sign this one and all off these below so that your voices will be noticed on behalf of the voiceless.

      WILL BUTTERFLIES SAVE OUTSTANDING RESUCERS SAVE LIVES?
      Science & Tech  (tags: AnimalCruelty, animals, animaladvocates, AnimalWelfare, humans, world, government, world, wildlife, news, world )

      Eco Warri
      - 33 minutes ago - thepetitionsite.com
      HELP OUTSTANDING RESUCERS TO RESCUE ANIMALS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD. URGENT, PLEASE SIGN, NOTE, COMMENT, SPREAD THE URGE TO SIGN THESE SET OF PETITIONS. They are at the bottom of this petition. Thank you. Care knows about our requests. Thank you. 

      WILL CARE2 GRANT US BUTTERFLY OPTIONS TO HELP SPAY AND NEUTER INTERNATIONALY.
      Animals  (tags: animals, animaladvocates, spay, neuter, cruelty, death, humans, environment, suffering, cats, dogs, wildlife, wildanimals, investigation, law, killing, AnimalCruelty )

      Eco Warri
      - 1 day ago - thepetitionsite.com
      If you agree with this petition and request, please watch this videos, read, sign this petitions, note this news link for this petition, say what you wish in regards to butterfly request and spread this petition. Care2 is listening to our voices,of the...
      12 comments demote? 22Butterflies SAVE HUMAN AND ANIMAL PRISONERS, FROM THE SLAUGHTER LIST List..!!!??
      Health & Wellness  (tags: animals, humans, rescued, world, business, consumers, news, GoodNews, politics, health )

      Eco Warri
      - 1 day ago - thepetitionsite.com
      "Another Chance for Love," brings together shelter dogs and prisoners to create another chance for both of them. Shelter dogs are brought to minimum- and medium-security prisons to be trained on a one-to-one basis by inmates with whom they also live. 

      What's UP? ALL 5 PETITIONS FOR THE BUTTERFLY OPTIONS - LINKS ARE IN HERE ETC
      Society & Culture  (tags: consumers, business, americans, finance, world, wildlife, suffering, investigation, interesting, activists, world )

      Eco Warri
      - 1 day ago - thepetitionsite.com
      Tell Care2 about what you care about news spot, let them know whats up with Care2 technical problems, tell 'em how you think Care2 could be run better, tell em all so that they can figure out problems you're facing and so they can fix it for you?????

      N.B MORE HAVE SIGNED SINCE WRITING THIS, PLEASE SEE  SIGNITURE STATISTICS IN PETITION INDIVIDUALLY because people are still signing and the signiture statistics are growing.

      n.b since first writing this letter, I have created a some more petitions for additional butterfly requests and daily click options. They are very important, critical, urgent, and life saving ideas because every single second hundreds and thousands are dying and the animals, environment and people helpless to protect themsleves need all the help they can get.

      Regardless of the signiture target, or how many signitures reached, as a Corporate B company with a difference and compassion, please please we are pleading with you to find a way to help them and also allow Care2.com community and visitors be empowered and inspired to do their part to save the animals.

      Many have left because they feel that NOT ENOUGH is able to be achieved via Care2 and their time would be better spent more effectively elsewhere.  Some have passed away trying to save the animals, whilst Care2 could do more effectively using the rewards schemes to donate to the animals, peoples and environments in so many ways.
      thank you purple black
      Please listen and help the pleas of those in need in the petition and for those who were unable to sign because they have died striving, for those who have deleted their accounts and for those who have abandoned their accounts and for those Care2 members unable to sign due to circumstances and for those undersigned, for those who the petitions where writen for in hope of helping to save their lives.

      Yes, we the undersigned,

      Sign Petition

      privacy policy

      By signing, you accept Care2's terms of service.

      Having problems signing this? Let us know.